Occupations and Wages in California , 1869

from THE MANUFACTURER AND BUILDER
THE following abstract from one of the tables accompanying the semi-annual report of the Secretary of the California Labor and. Employment Exchange, gives the number of persons furnished with employment during the past six months averaging about 1400 a month the occupations for which they werwanted, and the compensation.
The abstract is valuable as a complete exhibit of the industrial range and reward in this State. In cases where employees were engaged for places in the interior or out of this State the fact is noted in parentheses. It will be seen the great demand here is for skilled and unskilled labor, rather than for clerical and professional service:
Architectural Draughtsmen, 1; according to ability.
Amalgamators, 1; $100 per month, and found.
Apprentices, 32; $25 to $28 per month, and found, (20 for U. S. Navy.)
Apothecaries, 1; $40 per month, and found, (for U. S. Navy.)
Bakers, 21; $30 to $60 per month, and found.
Barbers, 6; $60 to $100 per month, and found.
Barkeepers, 6; $30 to $45 per month, and found.
Basket-makers, 5; piece work.
Bee-tenders, 1; according to ability.
Bed-makers, 9; $30 to $35 per month, and found.
Bell-hangers, 3; $2.50 to $3 per day.
Belt-makers, $2 to $2.30 per day.
Blacksmiths, 215; $2 to $4 per day; $50 to $100 per month, and found, (2 for Honolulu and 3 for Nevada.)
Boiler-makers, 45; $3 to 4 per day; $35 to $60 per month, and found.
Book-binders, 2; according to ability.
Book-keepers, 4; $35 to $100 per month, and found.
Boot-makers, 34; piece work; $35 to $15 per month, and found.
Bottlers, 4; $35 to $40 per month, and found.
Boys, 234; $10 to $40 per month, with or without board.
Brewers, 1; $50 per month, and found.
Bridge-builders, 1; $5 per month, and found.
Bricklayers, 130; $5 to $6 per day, with or without board.
Brick-makers, 49; $35 to $60 per month, and found.
Brush and broom-makers, 4; $2.50 to $3.50 per day.
Burnishers, 11: $2 to $3.50 per day.
Butchers, 43; $35 to $60 per month, and found.
Butter-makers, 1: $30 to $40 per month, and found.
Cabinet-makers, 11; piece work; $3 to $4.50 per day, (2 for Honolulu.)
Canvassers, 84; commissions.
Carpenters, (house,) 1166; $3 to $4 per day, 8 and 10 hours.
Carpenters, (ship,) 18;, 43 to $5 per day, with or without board.
Carriage-makers, 8; $3.50 to $4 per day.
Carriage-painters, 25; $3 to $4 per day.
Carriage-trimmers, 5; $3 to $4.50 per day.
Carpet-weavers, 3; according to ability.
Carvers, 1; piece work.
Charcoal-burners, 2; $35 per month, and found.
Cheese-makers. 2; $30 to $40 per month, and found.
Clerks, 15; $40 to $100 per month, and found.
Coachmen, 10 $30 to $50 per month, and found.
Coal-miners, 23; $1.12 1/2 to $1.25 per yard.
Coal-passers, 42; $30 per month, and found.
Coffin-makers, 2; $3.50 to $4.50 per day.
Confectioners, 5; $40 to $60 per month, and found.
Cooks, 305; $35 to $80 per month, and found.
Coopers, 20; $2.15 to $3.50 per day.
Coppersmiths, 6; $3 to $5 per day.
Cutters, 1; according to ability.
Dairymen, 1; $30 to $35 per month, and found.
Deck-hands, 24; $40 per month, and found.
Dishwashers, 64; $20 to $30 per month, and found.
Distillers, 2; according to ahility.
Door and sash-makers, 8; $2.50 to $4.50 per day.
Druggists, 1; $60 per month, and found.
Dyers, 3; $40 to $50 per month, and found.
Engineers, 56; $60 to $128 per month, and found; $4 to $5 per day.
Engravers, 3; according to ability.
Farm-hands, 1442; $26 to $46 per month, and found; $1.50 to $2.50 per day.
Filers, (saw,) 8; $45 to $50 per month, and found.
Firemen, 13; $50 to $60 per month, and found.
Fishermen, 11; 2/5ths share of take.
Flour-packers, 1; $30 per month, and found.
Foundrymen; 9; $2 to $2.50 per day.
Fringe-makers, 1; $15 per week.
Fruit-peddlers, 2; $30 to $35 per month, and found.
Fruit-packers, 4; $25 to $30 per month, and found.
Furniture-polishers, 3; $2.50 per day.
Gardeners, 38; $30 to $40 per month, and found.
Gardeners and grooms, 48; $30 to $48 per month, and found.
Gas-Otters, 1; $3.50 per day.
Generally useful, 62; $20 to $10 per month, and found.
Gilders, 4; $50 per month, and found.
Glue-makers, 2; $35 to $50 per month, and found.
Grave-diggers, 1; $50 per month, and found. (Sacramento.)
Grooms, 136; $30 to $45 per month, and found.
Gun-smiths, 3; $3 to $5 per day.
Hair rope-makers, 2; $2.50 per day.
Harness-makers, 44; $2.50 to $4 per day, and $40 to $15 per month, and found.
Herders, 1; $25 per month, and found.
Hod-carriers, 1; $2.50 per day.
Hop-growers, 3; $30 per month, and found. (3 for Sacramento.)
Hose-makers, 4; $2.50 to $3 per day.
Housekeepers, 5; $30 per month, and found.
Inteipreters, 1; $30 per month, and found. (French hospital.)
Iron-moulders, 24; $3.50 to $4 per day.
Laborers, 3923; $1.50 to $3 per day, and $25 to $50 per month, and found.
Last-makers, 2; $2.50 to $3 per day.
Lathers, 6; $3 to $4 per day.
Laundrymnen, 9; $30 to $40 per month, and found.
Local reporters, 1; $50 per month, and found. (For the Guide.)
Locksmiths, 4; $3 to $4 per day.
Lumbermen, 432; $35 to $70 per month, and found. (63 for Washington Territory and 8 for Nevada.)
Machinists, 31; $3.50 to $4.50 per day.
tachine-planers, 6; $2.50 per day.
Man and wife, 53; $50 to $30 per month, and found.
Map-mounters, 1; according to ability.
Marble-cutters, 3; $4 for 8 hours.
Marble-polishers, 65; $2 to $2.50 per day.
Masons, 55; $4 to $5 for 8 and 10 hours.
Mattress-makers, 12; $2 to $3 per day, and found.
Milkers, 122; $30 to $40 per month, and found.
Millers, 6; $3 to $4 per day.
Millwrights, 15; $4 to $5 per day.
Miners, 239; $2.50 to $3 per day, $40 to $60 per month.
Mowers, 3; $2 to $2.50 per day.
Nurses, 3; $25 to $35 per mouth.
Ox-teamsters, 44; $35 to $45 per month.
Painters, (house,) 129; $2.50 to $4 per day.
Pantrymen, 1; $35 per month.
Paper-hangers, 8; $2.50 to $3.50 per day.
Paper-rulers, 5; according to ability.
Partners, 3; private.
Pattern-makers, 15; $4 to, $4.50 per day.
Physicians, 1. (Mendocino county.)
Picture-frame makers, 3; $2.50 to $3.50 per day.
Pile-drivers, $2.50 to $3 per day.
Plasterers, 56; $1 to $5 per day, with and without board,
Ploughmen, 1; $80 per month, and found.
Plumbers, 8: $3 to $5 per day.
Porters. 11; $30 to $40 per month, and found.
Potato-diggers, 77; $30 to $35 per month, and found.
Printers, 8; 75c. per 1000 ems, $30 per week, $60 per month, and found.
Quartz-miners, $40 to $60 per month. (For Klamath and Kern.)
Quarrymen, 35; $40 to $50 per month.
Sack-sewers, 4; one cent each.
Salesmen, 3; $35 to $50 per month.
Sawyers, 37; $40 to $90 per month; (3 for Washington Territory.)
Sheep-shearers, 21; 6c. per head, $2 to $2.50 per day, $40 per month (18 Colusa, 3 Los Angeles.)
Shepherds, 30; $25 to 30 per month.
Shipsmiths, 5; $4 per day; (1 Puget Sound.)
Shoemakers, 63; piece, and $35 and $45 per month.
Sign-carriers, 3; $1 to $1.50 per day.
Smelters, 2; $60 to $150 per month, and found.
Soap-makers, 2.
Sole-leather cutter, 1; according to ability. (Shoe Factory.)
Stewards, 12; $30 to $40 per month.
Stocking-weavers, 3; according to ability.
Stove-men, 3; $30 to $35.
Sugar-packers, 2; $80. (Sugar Refinery.)
Speeder-hand, 1; according to ability. (Oakland.)
Street-sweepers, 2; $35 per month.
Tailors, 18; piece.
Tanners, 4; $35 to $45 per month.
Teamsters, 340; $30 to $65.
Tin-roofers, 2; $4 per day.
Tinsmiths, 48; $3 to $4 per day.
Tracklayers, 36; $2 per day and found.
Trunk-makers, 1; $2.50 per day, and found.
Turners, 12; $3.50 to $4 per day.
Undertakers, 1; $80 per month. (Sacramento.)
Upholsterers, 3 to $4 per day.
Varnishers, 11; $2.50 to $3.50 per day.
Visemen, 1; $2.50 to $3.
Wagon-makers 45; $3 to $4 per day; $50 to $80 per month.
Waiters, 122; $20 to $40 per month.
Warehousemen, 36; $2.50 per day; $60 to $70 per month.
Watchmen, 4; $50 to $75 per month.
Well-diggers, 24; contract and $2.50 per day.
Wheelwrights, 51; $3 to $4 per day; $60 to $80 per month.
Whip-makers, 1; $3 per day.
Whitewashers, 4; $3 per day.
Wood-choppers, 367; $1.25 to $2 per cord; $40 to $60 per month.
Wood-sorters, 4; according to ability.

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